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Florida State Laws

The State of Florida passed a law that gives skaters the same right to the roads as motor vehicles, with certain restrictions.  This is important because it allows skaters to use the right-hand side of the right lane, rather than skating against traffic as some people advocate (despite the much higher danger).

ROLLER SKATING, 316.2065, 318.18 

316.2045 Bicycle regulations.--

(1) Every person propelling a vehicle by human power has all of
the rights and all of the duties applicable to the driver of any
other vehicle under this chapter, except as to special regulations
in this chapter, and except as to provisions of this chapter which
by their nature can have no application. 

(2) a person operating a bicycle may not ride other than upon
or astride a permanent one regular seat attached thereto. 

(3) No bicycle may be used to carry more persons at one time than
the number for which it is designed or equipped, except than an
adult rider may carry a child securely attached to this person
in a backpack or sling. 

(4) No person riding upon any bicycle, coaster, rollerskates,
sled, or toy vehicle may attach the same or himself to any vehicle
upon a roadway. This subsection may not prohibit attaching a bicycle
trailer or bicycle semi-trailer to a bicycle if that trailer or
semi-trailer has been designed for such attachment and solely
for carrying cargo. 

(5)(a) Any person operating a bicycle upon a roadway at less than
the normal speed of traffic a: the time and place and under the
conditions than existing shall ride as close as practicable to
the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway except under any of
the following situations: 

1. When overtaking and passing another bicycle or vehicle proceeding
in the same direction. 

2. When preparing for a left turn at an intersection or into a
private road or driveway. 

3. When reasonably necessary to avoid any condition including,
but not limited to, a fixed or moving object, parked or moving
vehicle, bicycle, pedestrian, animal, surface hazard, or substandard
width lane, that makes it unsafe to continue along the right hand
curb or edge. For the purpose of this subsection, a "substandard
width lane" is a lane that is too narrow for a bicycle and
another vehicle to travel safely side by side within the lane.

(b) Any person operating a bicycle upon a one-way highway with
two or more marked traffic lanes may ride as near the left-hand
curb or edge of such roadway as practicable. 

(6) Persons riding bicycles upon a roadway may not ride more than
two abreast except on paths or parts of roadways set aside for
the exclusive use of bicycles. Persons riding two abreast may
not impede traffic when traveling at less than the normal speed
of traffic at the time and place and under the conditions than
existing and shall ride within a single lane. 

(7) Any person operating a bicycle shall keep at least one hand
upon the handlebars. 

(8) Every bicycle in use sunset to sunrise shall be equipped with
a lamp on the front exhibiting a white light visible from a distance
of at least 500 feet to the front and a lamp and reflector on
the rear each exhibiting a red light visible from a distance of
600 feet to the rear. A bicycle or its rider may be equipped with
lights or reflectors in addition to those required by this section.

(9) No parent of any minor child and no guardian of any minor
child may authorize or knowingly permit any such minor child or
ward to violate any of the provisions of this section. 

(10) A person propelling a vehicle by human power upon and along
a sidewalk, or across a roadway upon and along a crosswalk, has
all the rights and duties applicable as the pedestrian under the
same circumstances. 

(11) A person propelling a bicycle upon and along a sidewalk,
or across a roadway upon and along a crosswalk, shall yield the
right-of-way to any pedestrian and shall give an audible sign
before overtaking and passing such pedestrian. 

(12) No person upon rollerskates, or riding in or by means of
a coaster, toy vehicle, or similar device, may go upon any roadway
except while crossing a street on a crosswalk: and, when so crossing,
such person shall be granted all rights and shall be subject to
all of the duties applicable to pedestrians. 

(13) This section shall not apply upon any street while set aside
as a play street authorized herein or as designated by state,
county, or municipal authority. 

(14) Every bicycle shall be equipped with a brake or brakes which
will enable its rider to stop the bicycle within 25 feet from
a speed of 10 miles per hour on dry, level, clean pavement. 

(15) A person engaged in the business of selling bicycles at retail
shall not sell any bicycle unless the bicycle has an identifying
number permanently stamped or cast on its frame. 

318.18 Amount of Civil Penalties.-- 

The penalties required for a non-criminal disposition pursuant
to as, 316.2936(6) and 318.14(1), (2) and (4) are as follows:

(1) Seventeen dollars for all infractions of pedestrian regulations
under a. 316.130, all infractions of a. 316.2065 (12) and violations
of chapter 316 by persons 14 years of age or under who are operating
bicycles. 

(2) Thirty-two dollars for all non-moving traffic violations and:


(a) For all violations of ss. 316.613 and 322.19 

(b) For all violations of ss. 320.0605(1), 320.07(1). 322.055,
and 322.15(1) shall be charged as delinquent fee pursuant to s.
320.07(4). 

(c) For all violations of s.316.610. However, for a violation
of s.316.610, if the person committing the violation corrects
the defect within 10 days from the date upon which the traffic
citation was issued, the fine shall be reduced to $9, of which
$2 shall be distributed to the clerk of the court for administrative
costs, $4 to the law enforcement agency which confirms that the
defect has been corrected and completes the affidavit of compliance
form, $1 to the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles,
and $2 to the Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services.


(3) Fifty-two dollars for all moving violations not requiring
a mandatory appearance. With respect to violations involving an
unlawful speed there shall be added to such $52 an amount equal
to $2 for every mile per hour over the unlawful speed limit. 

(4) Twenty-two dollars, including court costs, for a violation
of s. 316.614(4) or (5). 

(5) The penalty imposed under s.316.515 shall be determined by
the officer in accordance with the provisions of ss. 316.535 and
316.545.

(6) One hundred dollars for a violation of s.316.172(1), failure
to stop for a school bus. If, at a hearing, the alleged offender
is found to have committed this offense, the court shall impose
a minimum civil penalty of $100. 

(7) One hundred dollars for illegally parking in a parking space
provided for disabled persons under s.316.1955 or s.316.1956.

(8)(a) Any person who fails to comply with the court's requirements
or who fails to pay the civil penalties specified in this section
within the 30 day period provided for in s.318.14 shall be required
to pay an additional $12, which additional civil penalty shall
be distributed as provided in s.318.21. 

(b) Any person who fails to comply with the courts requirements
as to civil penalties specified in this section due to demonstrable
hardship shall be authorized to satisfy such civil penalties by
public works or community service. Each hour of such service shall
be applied, at the rate of minimum wage, toward payment of the
persons civil penalties: provided, however, that if the person
has a trade or profession for which there is a community service
need and application the rate of each hour of such service shall
be the average standard wage for such trade or profession. Any
person who fails to comply with the courts requirements as to
such civil penalties who does not demonstrate financial hardship
may also, at the discretion of the court, be authorized to satisfy
such civil penalties by public works or community service in the
same manner. 

(9) Two dollars for every mile per hour over the lawful speed
limit for violations for unlawful speed shall be assessed in addition
to the penalties set forth in subsection (3). Funds collected
pursuant hereto shall be deposited in the Impaired Drivers and
Speeders Trust Fund for the purposes set forth in s. 413.613,
after 5 percent is deducted by the clerk of the court for administrative
costs. 

(10) Fifty dollars for violations punishable pursuant to s. 316.2935(6).

 


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